Posted at Monday, October 30 2017 06:55:21 by Rebecca Rowland for Lighting Fixtures
In the mid-19th century, as gas lighting caught on, branched ceiling fixtures called gasoliers (a portmanteau of gas and chandelier) were produced, and many candle chandeliers were converted. By the 1890s, with the appearance of electric light, some chandeliers used both gas and electricity. As distribution of electricity widened, and supplies became dependable, electric-only chandeliers became standard. Another portmanteau word, electrolier, was formed for these, but nowadays they are most commonly called chandeliers. Some are fitted with bulbs shaped to imitate candle flames, for example those shown below in Epsom and Chatsworth, or with bulbs containing a shimmering gas discharge. The world's largest English Glass chandelier,(Hancock Rixon & Dunt and probably F. & C. Osler) is located in the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul. It has 750 lamps and weighs 4.5 tons. Dolmabahçe has the largest collection of British and Baccarat crystal chandeliers in the world, and one of the great staircases has balusters of Baccarat crystal. More complex and elaborate chandeliers continued to be developed throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, but the widespread introduction of gas and electricity had devalued the chandelier's appeal as a status symbol.
The most common form of ceiling lighting is the basic dome light also know as a flush mount ceiling light. These are great for basic lighting of a small room. These do not provide much task lighting it is primarily used to for basic lighting needs. Most lighting manufactures have several sizes of these and the most common ones have anywhere from 1 to 3 light bulbs. One great form of ceiling lighting. Is the Recessed Can light. This is very versital and can be used for task lighting, accent lighting or task lighting. Recessed lights have many variations in baffles and lenses. The most common type is your standard baffle trim. The baffle provides ambiant room lighting. You can create task lighting with the cans by adding a spot also commonly known as an eyeball. You can focus the light with these on a area to creating a working area or you can high light a piece of artwork or furniture.
Dining Table: The pendant should be suspended about 30 to 36 inches above the table. This will allow for ample illumination while reducing glare at the same time. Bar or Raised Counter:: The bottom of your pendant light should float about 30 inches above the counter surface. For desks, bring the light in closer to the work surface by allowing your pendant lamp to float about 16 inches from the surface. However, this can change depending on the height of you and your family. Foyer: Illuminate your space without encroaching on head space by suspending your hanging lamp about seven feet from the floor.