Uploaded by: Rebecca Rowland
Class: Lighting Fixtures, More >>
Uploaded at: Friday, November 17 2017 08:10:21
Chandeliers are another great form of ceiling lighting. Chandeliers are used for more general lighting. They are great for spreading light over a large area. A Chandelier is used more to set a design theme and create a focal point in a room. Common areas for use are in a entry, living room or dining room. They also have become a favorite of designers to class up a larger bathroom. The have used mini chandeliers to give that boring bathroom some style and class. Pendants are another great way to create a soft light that set a design theme in a room as well. Pendants are a great way to light a kitchen, office of dining nook. Homeowners, who are searching for the perfect illumination device for their home, have ample choices.
Your beautiful and functional kitchen island isn’t complete without a matching light fixture. When done right, kitchen island lighting enhances the ambience while providing effective task lighting at the same time. Your first consideration when choosing island lighting should be color and style. You’ll want to find a pendant, a chandelier or another form of lighting that complements the design of your kitchen. While your island lighting can become the main focal point of the room, if you already have a grand range hood or detailed backsplash that’s worthy of design envy, you may want your lights to simply draw the eyes to these instead.
As these light sources change so does the practice of lighting Design. By the early 18th century, ornate cast ormolu forms with long, curved arms and many candles were in the homes of many in the growing merchant class. Neoclassical motifs became an increasingly common element, mostly in cast metals but also in carved and gilded wood. Chandeliers made in this style also drew heavily on the aesthetic of ancient Greece and Rome, incorporating clean lines, classical proportions and mythological creatures. Developments in glassmaking later allowed cheaper production of lead crystal, the light scattering properties of which quickly made it a popular addition to the form, leading to the crystal chandelier. During the 18th century glass chandeliers were produced by Bohemiens and Venetian glassmakers who were both masters in the art of making chandeliers.
In the mid-19th century, as gas lighting caught on, branched ceiling fixtures called gasoliers (a portmanteau of gas and chandelier) were produced, and many candle chandeliers were converted. By the 1890s, with the appearance of electric light, some chandeliers used both gas and electricity. As distribution of electricity widened, and supplies became dependable, electric-only chandeliers became standard. Another portmanteau word, electrolier, was formed for these, but nowadays they are most commonly called chandeliers. Some are fitted with bulbs shaped to imitate candle flames, for example those shown below in Epsom and Chatsworth, or with bulbs containing a shimmering gas discharge. The world's largest English Glass chandelier,(Hancock Rixon & Dunt and probably F. & C. Osler) is located in the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul. It has 750 lamps and weighs 4.5 tons. Dolmabahçe has the largest collection of British and Baccarat crystal chandeliers in the world, and one of the great staircases has balusters of Baccarat crystal. More complex and elaborate chandeliers continued to be developed throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, but the widespread introduction of gas and electricity had devalued the chandelier's appeal as a status symbol.