Uploaded by: Gladys Getz
Label: Lighting Fixtures, More >>
Uploaded at: Friday, November 17 2017 17:50:13
In the mid-19th century, as gas lighting caught on, branched ceiling fixtures called gasoliers (a portmanteau of gas and chandelier) were produced, and many candle chandeliers were converted. By the 1890s, with the appearance of electric light, some chandeliers used both gas and electricity. As distribution of electricity widened, and supplies became dependable, electric-only chandeliers became standard. Another portmanteau word, electrolier, was formed for these, but nowadays they are most commonly called chandeliers. Some are fitted with bulbs shaped to imitate candle flames, for example those shown below in Epsom and Chatsworth, or with bulbs containing a shimmering gas discharge. The world's largest English Glass chandelier,(Hancock Rixon & Dunt and probably F. & C. Osler) is located in the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul. It has 750 lamps and weighs 4.5 tons. Dolmabahçe has the largest collection of British and Baccarat crystal chandeliers in the world, and one of the great staircases has balusters of Baccarat crystal. More complex and elaborate chandeliers continued to be developed throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, but the widespread introduction of gas and electricity had devalued the chandelier's appeal as a status symbol.
Typically, they project down from the ceiling and are usually the biggest lighting piece found in the kitchen. These fixtures can also be hung over a breakfast nook or a kitchen table. There are two types of ceiling fixture; flush-mount ceiling fixture with the glass or diffuser touching the ceiling and semi-flush ceiling fixtures where the bowl projecting from the ceiling such that it hangs a couple of inches away, with indirect light reflecting from the ceiling (think of it like an upside down umbrella).
These hang down just a little with the use of a metal mounting system and will hold onto the shade. This style of light will also work perfect in any contemporary designed bathroom.
Your beautiful and functional kitchen island isn’t complete without a matching light fixture. When done right, kitchen island lighting enhances the ambience while providing effective task lighting at the same time. Your first consideration when choosing island lighting should be color and style. You’ll want to find a pendant, a chandelier or another form of lighting that complements the design of your kitchen. While your island lighting can become the main focal point of the room, if you already have a grand range hood or detailed backsplash that’s worthy of design envy, you may want your lights to simply draw the eyes to these instead.